Macroautophagy, a major degradation pathway of cytoplasmic components, is carried out through formation of a double-membrane structure, the autophagosome. Although the involvement of specific lipid species in the formation process remains largely obscure, we recently showed that mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) generated by stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) are required for autophagosome formation in mammalian cells. To obtain further insight into the role of MUFA in autophagy, in this study we analyzed the autophagic phenotypes of the yeast mutant of OLE1, an orthologue of SCD1. Δole1 cells were defective in nitrogen starvation–induced autophagy and the Cvt pathway when oleic acid was not supplied. Defect in elongation of the isolation membrane led to a defect in autophagosome formation. In the absence of Ole1, the transmembrane protein Atg9 was not able to reach the PAS, the site of autophagosome formation. Thus, autophagosome formation requires Ole1during the delivery of Atg9 to the PAS/autophagosome from its cellular reservoir.
- Received September 27, 2016.
- Accepted November 15, 2016.
- © 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd
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